Operation of Mining Sector in Kosovo – Institutional Framework
Mining activity is one of the oldest economic activities that deal with exploration, exploitation and enrichment of mineral resources.
The competent institutions for the mining sector in Kosovo are:
– Ministry of Economic Development (MED)
– Independent Commission for Mines and Minerals (ICMM)
– Other institutions related to the mining sector (KPA, MESP, KFA, Municipalities, etc.)
The Ministry of Economic Development (MED) http://mzhe-ks.net/ was established by Assembly Decision no. 218 of 24.02.2011, as well as Regulation no. 02/2011 on the areas of administrative responsibilities of the Office of the Prime Minister and Ministries. It has all other responsibilities that the Ministry of Energy and Mining (MEM) has had in the Energy and Mining Sector, which was established in December 2004 as part of the transfer of competencies from UNMIK to the PISG.
MED drafts the policies, strategy and legislative framework for the development of the mining sector in Kosovo in order to ensure exploration, exploitation, enrichment, managing and protecting the economic values of useful minerals in the serving of the country’s development, respecting the requirements for environmental protection and the development of communities affected by mining activities.
Within the MED, operates the Kosovo Geological Service (KGS) as well as the State Museum of Crystals and Minerals – “Trepça”.
The Independent Commission for Mines and Minerals (ICMM) is an independent agency established by the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, which has the general authority and responsibility to ensure:
The ICMM provides technical assistance to the Government on all issues related to mines and minerals in Kosovo.
Political factors mainly refer to the government’s intervention in the economy, including the mining sector through the introduction and change of policies and laws, creating favorable conditions for exploitation and economic valorization of mineral resources and attracting investment.
Mining Strategy is the basic framework under which the objectives and development priorities of the mining sector are defined. The Mining Strategy sets policies and measures for the development of the mining sector in favor of economic development and social welfare.
Below we present the Mining Strategy documents of the Republic of Kosovo:
Laws, sub-legal acts and the following Government Decisions that have or may have an impact on the mining sector:
Mining Strategy implementation principles